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Understanding Timor-Leste 2013<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”]Two journeys in Indonesian-occupied Timor-Leste, 1991 and 1997[\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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Following the 1975 Indonesian invasion and occupation of Timor-Leste, foreign travellers were barred entry. Little news was then heard from Timor-Leste until the beginning of 1989, when Indonesia re-opened Timor-Leste to foreign visitors, hoping to show the world that there was no local opposition to their rule. What non-Timorese knew of conditions in Timor-Leste during the remainder of the Indonesian occupation came mainly from the observations of political activists and journalists, who had usually travelled to the country specifically for that purpose.

[\/if 103]<\/p>

[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2013[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: Hannah Loney, Antero B. da Silva, Nuno Canas Mendes, Alarico da Costa Ximenes, Clinton Fernandes and contributors[\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>TLSA Conference[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

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Considerations for marketing Timor-Leste as a tourist destination<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”][\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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This paper has discussed the four core destination attributes of Timor-Leste and the implications for promoting these assets for tourism. While each attribute provides an important angle for tourism marketing, the risks and implications of each must be considered alongside the advantages. The paper has argued that Timor-Leste’s image is negatively impacted by past violence and that its true situation, as a beautiful and peaceful nation, is still little known.

[\/if 103]<\/p>

[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2015[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: Sara Currie[\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>Unknown[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

Download[\/su_photo_panel]<\/p>

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ATAÚRO ISLAND: Sustainable Management Plan<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”][\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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Ataúro Island is Timor-Leste’s largest island and has been recognized by the Government of Timor- Leste (GoTL) as a critical area for marine and terrestrial biodiversity. The island hosts a population of more than 11,000 people, distributed across five villages (suco), with livelihoods dominated by a reliance on natural resources and ecosystem services (for agriculture, raising livestock and fishing). In 2019, in response to an increasing number of tourists drawn to visit the island for its stunning landscape and exceptional natural beauty, an “Ataúro Island Sustainable Tourism Strategy” was produced with support from the USAID Tourism For All Project. To complement this tourism strategy, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF) identified the need for a Sustainable Management Plan (SMP) for the area, to support and guide the sustainable development of the island, and the communities that depend upon its resources, over the coming five years (2021-2025).

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[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2021[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: [\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>Chemonics International, Sustainable Solutions International Consulting, USAID’s Tourism For All Project[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

Download[\/su_photo_panel]<\/p>

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For Equality And The Economy<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”]Exploring The Gender Dimensions Of Timor-Leste’s Tourism Sector[\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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Tourism has the potential to be an important sector to drive economic growth, create jobs, and promote innovation for more sustainable development. Globally, the tourism industry employs more women than men around the world1 , and women account for 60% of employees in Accommodation and Food Services in Timor-Leste. This offers the potential for tourism investments to contribute to closing Timor-Leste’s gender gap in employment and to provide better opportunities for women entrepreneurs and women’s leadership in the industry. In 2010 and 2019, the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) conducted global studies on trends for women in tourism, in collaboration with UN Women, GIZ, the World Bank and Amadeus. The reports found that women represent the majority of the workforce, yet are over-represented in service and clerical level jobs, while representing an estimated 25% at the decision-making levels2 . Women make up a higher proportion of self-employed workers across sectors, but in tourism, this percentage varies across countries, highlighting factors that may contribute or limit women’s entrepreneurship in tourism. Furthermore, women perform significant amounts of unpaid work as part of family tourism businesses. Despite these drawbacks, sustainable tourism has been shown to provide significant opportunities for women’s advancement through formal and informal employment and enterprise development.

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[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2021[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: [\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>UN Women[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

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CLIMATE CHANGE AND TOURISM IN TIMOR-LESTE: THE TIME TO ACT IS NOW<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”]A CALL FOR ACTION TO RESPOND TO THE CLIMATE CHANGE CHALLENGE FACING TIMOR-LESTE TOURISM[\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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Photo c. Wayne Lovell 

Prior to the global COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, tourism was growing steadily across the Southeast Asia region (ASEAN) and the world. Undoubtedly, COVID-19 will affect the volume and profitability of the sector in the short term. The silver lining of this crisis is that the industry has an opportunity to ‘build back better’ and establish a more sustainable modus operandi. 

Given tourism’s important role as a creator of jobs, booster of economies and contributor to the fight against global poverty; and in the face of the projected increase in travelers in coming years, there exists a real need for the sector to urgently act to adopt policies which will ensure that the sector is developed responsibly and sustainably, using the ‘quadruple bottom line’ approach of environmental, social, economic and climate responsiveness. This paper will consider all of these sustainability elements, but specifically focus on how to respond to impending climate change challenge.

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[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2021[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: [\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>United States Agency for International Development[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

Download[\/su_photo_panel]<\/p>

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Sa’e Bua – Betel Nut Festival in Atauro<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”][\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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Every year in the month of July, people from five villages on the island of Atauro gather for a one-day betel nut harvest festival. At the heart of the event is a traditional ceremony to reaffirm peaceful relations between communities. The betel nut harvesters are extremely skilled: the areca palms are very tall and sway perilously in the wind. Once the crop has been brought down, the crowd samples the nuts and celebrates late into the night. Tourists are welcome.

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[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2019[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: USAID’s Tourism For All Project/Ann Turner[\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>USAID’s Tourism For All Project[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

Download[\/su_photo_panel]<\/p>

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Indonesia Market Assessment Of Potential For Faith-Based Tourism In Timor-Leste<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”]A Study of Indonesian Niche Source Market Potential[\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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As a predominantly Catholic country, Timor-Leste has a unique opportunity to develop faith-based tourism that is inclusive of all religions in Timor-Leste (e.g. Hindu, Muslim, Catholic, Protestant, Confucious). There is an entire industry catering to faith-based travel, tourism and hospitality that includes people embarking on individual or group pilgrimages or missionary travel as well as religion-based cruises, fellowship vacations, crusades, rallies, retreats and visiting iconic faith-based tourist attractions across the globe. For example, it is estimated that as much as seven percent (160 million) of the world’s Christian population (2.2 billion) are on the move as pilgrims each year.

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[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2019[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: [\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>Chemonics International[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

Download[\/su_photo_panel]<\/p>

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Australia/Timor-Leste Tourism Market Analysis<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”][\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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Tourism is relatively a new sector for Timor-Leste. In 2018, the total number of tourist arrivals in the country was less than 11,000. Australia is currently the main source market for tourists to Timor-Leste. Despite Australia’s closeness, Timor-Leste has not been able to realise the potential of the Australian tourist market. There is a lack of understanding of how Australians travel, especially to similarly remote Asia and Pacific destinations like Timor-Leste, which limits how well Timor-Leste can competitively promote itself to the Australian market. So, Market Development Facility (MDF) in Timor-Leste commissioned a tourism market analysis with a focus on the Australian market.
The analysis focused on who might be most interested in visiting Timor-Leste, their interests, and how best to make them aware of what Timor-Leste has to offer. A consumer and trade market research was conducted to identify ‘most likely’ target segments and activate a Marketing Action Plan to benefit the local tourism industry. The profile of current Australian visitors includes Darwin, which is the largest source market, accounting for one in four (25%) Australian holidaymakers. ‘Going to the beach’ was the most popular activity planned by Darwin visitors, while ‘Cultural experiences’ ranked highest for Melbournians. Visitors who came to dive were great advocates for Timor-Leste; 97% would recommend the destination to friends and family (TAF’s 2018 Survey of Travellers to Timor-Leste). The report terms the target audience as ‘Timor-Leste intenders’, a custom segment created by matching the location and socioeconomic status of respondents to the Prospective Visitor Survey, conducted in February 2020, to RDA’s geoTribes socioeconomic segments. Based on the research, a ‘Timor Leste intender’ audience was defined as the summation of the Crusaders and Independents geoTribes segments. They fall under the age group 25 to 34, young professionals, career-oriented, singles or couples. This segment is heavy internet users that are also big on social media, but less likely to be attracted by mass media.
Interviews were held with more than 20 travel agents and operators in Australia. Almost all of them were keen to know more and promote Timor-Leste. The reason they don’t promote Timor-Leste is that they do not have any information and that is why it is not very popular among tourists.
There were some interesting responses when the Australians were asked what they think about Timor-Leste. Some of the words used for Timor-Leste were “uncrowded, beautiful people, stunning scenery, interesting local culture and a new exciting, not very touristy destination.” Generally, all trade partners interviewed were keen to obtain more information about Timor-Leste, to be kept updated and were interested for any trade family opportunities, especially those who have never visited before. A common feedback comment received from tourists when they returned from Timor-Leste was that they were “very surprised” by the destination – how beautiful the country is and how lovely people and culture are.
Overall key selling points include; amazing diversity of stunning scenery, pristine marine life, untouched and authentic, interesting history, and a “new” off the beaten track destination.
There were some interesting highlights from the analysis:
• 1.61 million Australians would like to visit Timor-Leste.
• The agents in Australia that have not sold Timor-Leste, generally have no knowledge about Timor-Leste or what it offers its visitors.
• Trade-ready program is vital to support the local industry to develop skills and Australian products.
• Perceived dangers of war and unrest are top of mind for a small, yet significant proportion of potential visitors.
• Timor-Leste intenders are heavy internet users. Thus, social media and marketing plans should be focused on exciting, educating, and engaging content for this market.

MDF has now presented the findings to tourism sector stakeholders. Timorese tourism stakeholders will benefit from a better knowledge of what experience Australian tourists want and how to influence their decision-making. It is also important to understand the priorities and incentives of tourism businesses in Australia to promote Timor-Leste, and to identify potential partnerships for tourism recovery and Timorese organisations that could help boost tourist inflows from Australia.

While the damaging consequences of COVID-19 on global tourism were not foreseen, the timing of this project provided an opportunity to plan a unique schedule of marketing actions. The focus now should be on growing the local industry’s trade contacts, what Timor-Leste has to offer and the capacity building in preparation for mainstream marketing actions when travelling restrictions ease ‘Post-COVID’.

As part of the next steps, a working group with industry representatives and the Government of Timor-Leste will be created who will work with partners in Australia to implement a set of marketing activities focused on trade relationships. When Timor-Leste is ready to welcome tourists again, this information will be vital to attracting more tourists and for the recovery of the tourism sector. You can find a summary of the findings on MDF’s website: https://marketdevelopmentfacility.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Timor-Leste-Australian-Market-Summary-2020.pdf

Market Development Facility
Market Development Facility is an Australian Government-funded multi-country initiative which promotes sustainable economic development, through higher incomes for women and men, in our partner countries. It is implemented by Palladium in partnership with Swisscontact. MDF’s two priority sectors in Timor-Leste are agriculture and tourism, with some activities in other sectors such as manufacturing. MDF is working with a range of businesses and other organisations to grow tourism in Timor-Leste, especially through ideas related to destination marketing. This includes dive operators, the hotel owners association, tour operators, and the Ministry of Tourism.

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[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2020[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: Market Development Facility[\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>Market Development Facility[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

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The Asia Foundation publishes report on the outlook for aviation and the tourism industry in Timor-Leste, in light of the COVID-19 crisis<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”][\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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Situated on the southeastern periphery of Southeast Asia and endowed with unspoiled and exquisite natural attractions, Timor-Leste is a magnet for adventuresome tourists. Leisure travelers injected roughly 23.2 million much-needed dollars into the country’s economy in 2019, and success in capturing a larger share of Southeast Asia’s robust tourism market would make a significant contribution to the nation’s development.
Tourism is relatively labor intensive, and with the right mix of products, services, and supporting infrastructure it could bring widespread economic benefits and create jobs for a burgeoning youth population. The National Tourism Policy has a stated goal of 200,000 tourist visits per year by 2030, which would energize the petroleum-dependent economy, but the harsh reality is that costly airfares, poor connectivity, and inadequate airports have kept this goal out of reach.

With the emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic, aviation operations have now been reduced to relief flights to repatriate citizens, emergency medical flights, and deliveries of urgently needed medical supplies. The resulting financial impact throughout the aviation industry has been severe.

Healthy airlines are particularly dependent on reliable cash flow. The International Civil Aviation Organization estimates that the world’s airlines have lost 213 to 257 billion dollars in income since the beginning of the crisis. The general picture is that some airlines have already gone out of business, while others are being restructured or just holding on by a thread. Staff have been laid off, fleets have been pruned, aircraft orders have been cancelled, and less profitable routes are being eliminated.

The airlines that emerge from the global crisis will be smaller and will be focused on survival in a weak market environment, and this, of course, includes operators that directly or indirectly serve Timor-Leste. Timor-Leste is a small market on the periphery of the networks of foreign airlines, and if it is to win a place when air service is restored, it must show operators an attractive value proposition that fits with their scaled-back plans.

A forthcoming analysis by The Asia Foundation, Covid-19 and the Alignment of Timor-Leste’s Aviation and Tourism Strategies, argues that Timor-Leste must seek bilateral or regional travel agreements with like-minded countries that have achieved similar success in controlling the virus and have the capability to manage future outbreaks. With just 30 recorded cases, Timor-Leste is among the most successful countries in dealing with the pandemic, positioning it to offer itself as a partner in a “travel bubble.” Australia, for example, is a low-risk country that accounted for almost 48 percent of inbound travelers to Timor-Leste in 2019. The business communities in Australia and New Zealand have been working with airlines and aviation authorities to reopen travel between the two countries as part of a “Pacific travel bubble” that could be extended to other Pacific island nations. The Cook Islands and Fiji have been monitoring the progress of this Pacific travel bubble, and Timor-Leste would do well to start making preparations for such an arrangement. (Click on this link to read complete article:
https://asiafoundation.org/2020/10/28/a-flight-path-to-recovery-for-tourism-in-timor-leste/

Click on this link to read the report in full: https://asiafoundation.org/publication/covid-19-and-the-alignment-of-timor-lestes-aviation-and-tourism-strategies/ )

(Source: The Asia Foundation’s Gobie Rajalingam with Paul Hooper)

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[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2020[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: The Asia Foundation’s Gobie Rajalingam with Paul Hooper[\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>The Asia Foundation[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

Download[\/su_photo_panel]<\/p>

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MANAGING RECEPTION & HOUSEKEEPING<\/h2>

[if 148 not_equal=\”\”]GUESTHOUSE OPERATORS TOURISM TRAINING MODULE 3[\/if 148][if 149 not_equal=\”\”] -\u00a0[\/if 149]<\/p>

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The designations employed in ILO publications, which are in conformity with United Nations practice, and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Labour O ce concerning the legal status of any country, area or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers.

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[if 143 not_equal=\”\”]Year:<\/strong> 2016[\/if 143]
[if 144 not_equal=\”\”]Author<\/strong>: [\/if 144]
[if 160 not_equal=\”\”]Organisation\/s:<\/strong>ILO[\/if 160]<\/p>

[if 164 not_equal=\”\”]Language:<\/strong> English[\/if 164]<\/p>“},{“box”:2,”content”:”

Download[\/su_photo_panel]<\/p>

Download[\/su_photo_panel]<\/p>“}]