2013, Report
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste 2013 Development Partners’ Meeting
BACKGROUND Paper | Implementing The Strategic Development Plan

The Fifth Constitutional Government, led by Prime Minister HE Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão took
office in August 2012. The election result was an endorsement of Prime Minister’s Fourth
Constitutional Government and the policies set out in the Timor-Leste Strategic Development Plan

Organisations: Government of Timor Leste


2015, Report
Timor-Leste Economic Diversification Analysis
Candlenut, Mobile Finance Market & Tourism Assessments | LEO Report #20

Less than two decades after achieving its independence, Timor-Leste is grappling to secure its place in the regional and global economy, while stabilizing the livelihoods of its populace. The recent petroleum discovery brings new wealth and opportunity but also demands caution in managing the resources for long term sustainability. To address this, the government has undertaken broad efforts includng building its admistrative and regulatory capacity, creating social support programs and deploying widespread infrastructure upgrades and diversifying its economy.
This assessment informs USAID/Timor-Leste on the opportunities presented by candlenut exports, tourism, and mobile banking to support economic growth and diversification in the country. While the candlenut and tourism sectors examine both the domestic factors and international expansion, mobile banking was examined as an economy-wide financial service, as well as a conduit for financial inclusion for under-served populations.

Organisations: United States Agency for International Development

Authors: Megan O’Donnell and Amancio Bruno (Mobile Banking), Adam Sendall and Luis Gusmão (Candle­ nut), Robert Travers and Jinky Comon (Tourism)

2017, Report
Why Ecotourism for Atauro

Ataúro Island, situated 25 kilometers north of Dili, is part of the Dili municipality. The island consists of five villages (Vila Maumeta, Maquili, Macadade, Beloi and Biqueli). According to the local government figures of 2016 the total population is 10,651.

The people of Ataúro follow two religions with approximately 60% of the population being Protestant and 40% Catholic. People also believe strongly in their traditions, culture, clan and family laws.

Organisations: Atauro Tourism

Authors: Gabrielle Samson

2017, Report
Tourism Sector
Business Opportunities and Support Services (BOSS) Project | Intervention Report

The International Labour Organization has a mandate to “help advance the creation of decent work and the economic and working conditions that give working people and business people a stake in lasting peace, prosperity and progress”1. In Timor-Leste, the priority for the ILO has included enhancing youth employment promotion, integrating employment into rural economic development and improving labour market governance. These priorities work in concert with Timor-Leste’s Strategic Development Plan 2011-30, which emphasises the support and development of the private sector to become the driver of employment creation and income generation.

2007, Report
Sustainable Tourism Sector Development and Institutional Strengthening Project

Timor-Leste has few natural resources – mainly oil, gas and fish. Although development of oil and gas resources provide needed revenue to fund the national budget, it will not generate employment and livelihood opportunities for rural communities, which suffer from low agricultural productivity and food shortages, due to steep, rocky topography and dry climate. The tourism sector in Timor- Leste has the potential to bring socio-economic development to rural areas providing employment and income to rural communities along popular tourist routes and in areas where there are clusters of tourism attractions.

Coastal & Marine Ecotourism Values, Issues & Opportunities on the North Coast of Timor Leste
Final Report |

Well-managed coral reefs have the potential to provide significant economic benefits for Timor Leste. Within South East Asia (SEA), the potential value of coral reef fisheries is 38.5% of the global total of US$5.7 billion, while the potential value of tourism is 50% of the global total of US$9.6 billion. This reflects the continued high dependence of countries within the SEA region on coral reefs for food security and increasing tourism related revenue.

Organisations: Government of Timor Leste, Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries

Authors: Edyvane K, McWilliam A, Quintas J, Turner A, Penny S, Teixeira I, Pereira C, Tibirica Y, Birtles A

2009, Report
Marine Megafauna Surveys in Timor Leste
Identifying Opportunities for Potential Ecotourism | Final Report

The aim of this study was to determine if cetaceans and other megafauna aggregated in the nearshore waters of Timor Leste, and if so, to assess opportunities for regional ecotourism industries based on this resource. The project included (i) monthly aerial surveys (ii) field ground-truthing using boats and (iii) training of TL government staff in aerial survey techniques (manual prepared) and GIS analysis of data.
A light plane was used for aerial surveys of megafauna within two nautical miles of the coastline on a monthly basis from April to November 2008. During four days in November megafauna were also surveyed using a boat along the Dili region of the coast.

2014, Report
2014 Survey of Travelers to Timor-Leste

The development of an international tourism industry is crucial if Timor-Leste is to diversify avenues for economic growth, and reduce its reliance on oil. The Government of Timor-Leste’s Strategic Devel- opment Plan identifies tourism as one of five sectors critical to the country’s economic development and one that can spark private sector industries that earn export dollars. Despite this, there exists a current dearth in available data relating to traveler experiences that could otherwise inform those responsible for policy formation.

Organisations: The Asia Foundation

Authors: Gobie Rajalingam